Punjab Pulse Bureau
Birth: Patna – January 5, 1667 (December 22, 1966, Julian Calendar). Mata Gujri gives birth to Gobind Rai while his father Guru Teg Bahadar is on tour.
Pandits Petition: Anandpur – May 25, 1675, A.D. Gobind Rai remarks that his father Guru Teg Bahadar is worthy to intervene with Moguls on behalf of Kashmiri Brahmans.
Inauguration: Anandpur – July 8, 1675, A.D. Guru Teg Bahadar appoints Gobind Rai as 10th guru and takes his leave.
Father’s Martyrdom: Delhi – November 24, 1675. After being arrested and imprisoned, Guru Gobind Rai’s father, Guru Teg Bahadar, is beheaded by order of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
First Wife – Bibi Jito the daughter of Hari Jas of Lahore. Marriage – Anandpur on 23, Har, SV year 1734, or June 21, 1677, A.D.
Second Wife – Mata Sundari the daughter of Ram Saran, a Kumarav Khatri and new Sikh convert from Bijvara (modern day Hoshiarpur, Punjab). Marriage – Anandpur on April 4, 1684. Death – Late 1747 A.D. at Delhi. Memorial at Gurdwara Bala Sahib, New Delhi.
Third Wife – Mata Sahib Devi, Mother of the Khalsa. Birth – Rohtas of Jhelum, Pakistan on 18th of Kattak, SV year 1738, or November 1, 1681, A.D to mother Jasdevi and father Ramoo Busi a Khatri. Marriage 18th of Vaisakh, SV year 1757, or April of 1701 A.D. Death: SV year 1804, or early 1747 A.D. at Dheli. Memorial at Gurdwara Bala Sahib, New Delhi.
Progeny: The Guru fathers four sons. From Mata Sundari, Sahibzada Ajit Singh – Fourth day in light half of Magh SV 1743 (1687 A.D). From Mata Jito, Sahibzada Zorawar Singh – Seventh of Chet SV 1747 (1691 A.D.); Sahibzada Jujhar Singh – First day in dark half of Magh SV 1753 (1697 A.D.), Sahibzada Fateh Singh – 11th of Phagan SV 1755 (1699 A.D.)
Dasam Granth: Paonta – April 1685 A.D. The Guru composes and compiles Dasam Granth while raising an army and training his men at arms near the banks of the River Yamuna.
Early Battles: Bhangam – September of 1688 A.D; Nadaun – March of 1691 A.D (Described in Bachitra Natak), Husaini – February 20, 1696, A.D.
Khalsa Panth Initiated: Anandpur – Vaisakhi, April 14, 1699.
Battles of Anandpur – Three major conflicts take place from 1701-1704 A.D culminating in Historic Events of 1705. Siege of Anandpur – May 1705 A.D.Evacuation of Anandpur – December 1705 A.D.
Martrydom of Mother and Sons
Chamkaur – December 7, 1705, A.D. Ajit Singh and Jujhar Singh (*Zorawar) fall in battle. Guru Gobind Singh is ordered to escape Chamkaur.
Sirhind Fatehghar – December 12, 1705, A.D. (13, Poh, 1762 SV) Zarowar Singh (*Jujhar) and Fateh Singh are put to death. Mata Gujri dies in prison.
Battle of Muktsar: – December 29, 1705, A.D Guru Gobind Singh battles Mughals with Mai Bhago & Martyred 40 Liberated Ones
Assassination: Nanded – October 7, 1708. Guru Gobind Singh declares the Guru Granth Sahib as his everlasting successor.
(With inputs from www.learn religion.com)