The Punjab Pulse Bureau
Shri Narendra Modi Government at centre is committed to the welfare of farmers and development of agriculture economy in the country. Since the BJP led Government came into power, it has been taking all necessary initiatives to boost and bolster the agricultural economy along with farmers’ welfare schemes. Here are the schemes and initiatives by the government.
- A provision of Rs 1,23,960.75 crore has been made in the financial year 2022-23, which is more than the last time.
- In the five years from 2009 to 2014 (Manmohan Singh government), there was a marginal increase of 8.5 percent in the agriculture budget, whereas between 2014 and 2019, there has been an increase of about 38 during Shri Narendra Modi government. This figure is a proof of the pro-farmer intention, policy and leadership of the Modi government.
PM-KISAN Samman Nidhi (Scheme)
- PM-KISAN is a central sector scheme launched on 24th February, 2019 to supplement financial needs of land holding farmers. Financial benefit of Rs 6000/- per year in three equal installments, every four month is transferred into the bank accounts of farmers’ families across the country through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mode.
- The scheme was initially meant for small and marginal farmers (SMFs) having landholding upto 2 hectares but scope of the scheme was extended to cover all landholding farmers with effect from 01.06.2019.
- As on 22nd February, 2022, benefits under PM Kisan scheme have been provided to about 11.78 Crore farmers and funds amounting to Rs1.82 lakh crore in various installments have been released to the eligible beneficiaries of this scheme across India. Out of which Rs. 1.29 lakh crore has been released during the current Covid 19 pandemic period.
- 10 instalments released to farmers so far.
Kisan Credit Card
- A major milestone has been achieved by covering around 2.94 crore farmers under the KCC scheme with the sanctioned credit limit of Rs. 3.22 lakh crore as on 4th March, 2022.
- The government is running a campaign for saturation of KCC to farmers to cover all leftover PM KISAN beneficiaries. He said that all the administrative charges up to Rs. 3 lakh of short term loans i.e processing fee, inspection fee, ledger, folio charges etc have been waived off so that maximum number of farmers can get the loan at a cheaper rate through the Interest Subvention Scheme.
Soil Health Card
- More than 23 crore soil health cards have been distributed to farmers till date
- Setting up / strengthening of soil testing laboratories- So far, 11531 new labs (491 static, 107 mobile, 8811 minilabs and 2122 village level labs) and strengthening of 829 labs have been sanctioned to the states.
- Organization of demonstrations, trainings and farmer melas: Since 2015, around 6.04 lakh demonstrations, 36928 farmers’ trainings and 7425 farmers’ melas are organized/conducted under the programme. Along with state/ district agriculture machinery and panchayats, village level rural development workers like Krishi Sakhis, Pasu Sakhis are involved in educating farmers on right use of fertilizers.
- So far 6,954 villages have been identified by the States in which against the target of 26.83 lakh samples / Soil Health Cards, 21.00 lakh samples have been collected, 14.75 lakh samples analysed and 13.59 lakh cards distributed to farmers. Apart from this, 2,46,979 demonstrations and 6,951 Farmer Melas approved to States
- The Government is also implementing the Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) scheme and promoting customized and fortified fertilizers for balanced use of fertilizers. So far, 21 fertilizers have been brought under the NBS scheme. At present, 35 customized and 25 fortified fertilizers notified by the Government are in use.
- During 2019-20, a pilot project ‘Development of Model Villages’ was taken up where soil samples collection has been taken up at individual farm holding with farmer’s participation instead of sample collection at grids. Under the pilot project, one village per block is adopted for holding based soil testing and organization of larger number of demonstrations up to a maximum number of 50 demonstrations (1 hectare each) for each adopted village.
PM Fasal Bima Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) enters its 7th year of implementation
- Over 36 crore farmer applications have been insured under PMFBY
- Over Rs. 1,07,059 crores of claims have already been paid under the scheme
- ‘Meri Policy Mere Hath’ – a doorstep distribution drive to be launched to deliver crop insurance policies to farmers
- Around 85% of the farmers enrolled with the scheme are small and marginal farmers
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojna
- Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojna (PMKMY) is being implemented in order to provide social security net for the Small and Marginal Farmers (SMF) by way of pension. Under this scheme, provision has been made for payment of a minimum fixed pension of Rs. 3,000/- to the eligible small and marginal farmers,.
- As on 31/01/2022, a total of 21,86,918 farmers are enrolled in the Scheme
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was launched during the year 2015-16, with an aim to enhance physical access of water on farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc.
- It is an umbrella scheme, consisting of two major components being implemented by this Ministry, namely, Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP), and Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP). HKKP, in turn, consists of four sub-components, being Command Area Development & Water Management (CAD&WM), Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI), Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies, and Ground Water (GW) Development component.
- In addition, PMKSY also consists of two components being implemented by other Ministries. Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) component is being implemented by Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare. Watershed Development component (WDC) of PMKSY is being implemented by Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development.
- Government of India has approved continuation of PMKSY during 2021-26, with extension of Ground Water component under PMKSY-HKKP being only for 2021-22, while approval of extension of PDMC is being processed separately.
- The extension of PMKSY for 2021-22 to 2025-26 has been approved with an overall outlay of Rs. 93,068.56 crore (central assistance of Rs. 37,454 crore, debt servicing to NABARD for Rs. 20,434.56 crore and state share to be borne by the State Governments being Rs. 35,180 crore).
- AIBP including CADWM: The scheme proposes completion of 60 number of ongoing AIBP and 85 number of ongoing CAD&WM major/ medium projects. This Ministry has also been mandated to include more projects for funding under AIBP. In addition, funding of additional two National projects, namely Lakhwar and Renuka projects, has also been approved. A total of 13.88 lakh hectare irrigation potential has been envisaged to be created during 2021-26. Further, 30.23 lakh hectare of command area development works have also been planned during 2021-26.
- PMKSY-HKKP: Completion of ongoing SMI & RRR of water bodies schemes with creation of 3.7 lakh hectare of irrigation potential and taking up new projects to create 0.8 lakh hectare of irrigation potential, has been approved for the period 2021-26. In addition, implementation of ground water component during 2021-22 is targeted to benefit 1.52 lakh hectare irrigation.
- PMKSY-WD: Completion of sanctioned projects covering 49.5 lakh hectare rainfed/ degraded lands under WD component, along with 2.5 lakh hectare additional area to be brought under protective irrigation, has been approved for implementation during 2021-26.
National Agriculture Market (e-NAM)
- National Agriculture Market (e-NAM) is a virtual platform integrating physical wholesale mandis/ markets of different States/ Union Territories (UTs) to facilitate online trading of agricultural commodities through transparent price discovery method to enable farmers to realize better remunerative prices for their produce.
- The Central Government is providing free e-NAM software and financial grant assistance for related hardware including quality assaying equipments and for creation of infrastructure like cleaning, grading, sorting, packaging and compost unit etc.
- Farmers are free to register on e-NAM Portal and sell their produce through online transparent and competitive bidding method, which is encouraging them to join increasingly on e-NAM platform. Also APMCs help farmers in registering as sellers in e-NAM.,
- So far, more than 1.72 Crore farmers have registered on e-NAM platform, within the catchment area of 1000 mandis which are integrated on e-NAM platform. The agricultural produce trade with a value of Rs 1.82 lakh crore have so far been recorded on e-NAM platform.
Following are some of the major efforts taken by the Government to continuously promote the e-NAM platform:-
- Integration of additional 415 mandis with e-NAM, taking the total number of mandis to 1000 across 18 states and 3 UTs, thus bringing more markets access to farmers to sell their agriculture produce.
- FPO trading module has been launched whereby FPOs can trade their produce from their collection center/ premise without bringing the produce to APMC.
- Warehouse based trading module is provided in e-NAM to facilitate trade from warehouses based on e-NWR.
- Further the e-NAM platform is made inter operable with Rashtriya e Market Services Private Limited (ReMS) platform of Government of Karnataka which will facilitate famers of either platforms were can sell their produce in other platform thereby increasing their market access.
- GPS Based e-NAM Mandi Locator: Farmers / Sellers can locate their nearby e-NAM mandi using GPS based mandi locator feature through e-NAM mobile app. This will helps the farmers to easily locate and reach the selected mandis and sell their agri-produce.
- Weather Forecasting Details for e-NAM mandis.
- Integration with AGMARKNET platform: Farmer can access the prevailing commodity prices & arrival information of e-NAM mandi as well as non e-NAM mandi on e-NAM mobile app. prior to even going to the mandi.
- The Central Sector Scheme “SVAMITVA” aims to provide the ‘Record of Rights’ to village household owners possessing houses in inhabited areas (Abadi) in villages with issuance of legal ownership rights (Property cards/Title deeds).Under the scheme, the land parcels in rural inhabited area of all the villages of the country are surveyed. It is being implemented with the collaborative efforts of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Survey of India (SoI), State Revenue Department, State Panchayati Raj Department and National Informatics Centre. States need to sign Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with SoI for implementation of the scheme. So far 29 States/UTs have signed MoU with SoI.
- Total cost for implementation of the SVAMITVA scheme from 2020-2025 is Rs.566.23 crore